Be aware that when you travel around Venezuela you are required to carry identification with you. Many roads have military checkpoints on them so if you are moving around by car or bus make sure to keep your passport handy, keep a colour copy also in case your passport gets stolen. It has been known that there is a corrupt element to the military and police authorities in Venezuela. Keep an eye on those officers who check your luggage as they may attempt to plant drugs to obtain a bribe or steal your valuables.

In terms of the train there is no national railway system in Venezuela. In order to get around, then, the options are three-fold; renting a car; using a bus or using a car for hire. For those who favour the first option, bear in mind that Venezuelan drivers have a reputation for being aggressive and unconcerned by the rules of the road. In addition to this, the traffic is horrible. On the flip side, petrol is very cheap and your biggest cost with hiring will be insurance. For pedestrians, it is also worth noting that if you approach a crossing, you do not have the right of way on the road that you might expect at home.

In terms of buses, the system is pretty comprehensive and certainly very affordable. Bus stations are very busy but you will normally be able to find a suitable service to most cities within a short space of time. Even quite long bus journeys of nine hours plus can cost, relatively speaking, pennies. The larger buses are air-conditioned to the point that it is wise to have a blanket in case you get cold. However, it is also prudent that you exercise caution when it comes to personal security as there are sometimes robberies in cities or on highways.

"Because of the lack of buses in smaller towns many people choose to use Por Puestos (hire cars), which usually wait to have a full car (four or five passengers) before departing. A one or two hour ride costs approximately US$8 and the cars are identifiable by signage bearing the name of the streets or destinations they typically drive along or stop at."

Travel within cities is usually via taxi. They are more expensive than any other form of transport, but still affordable when compared to European equivalents. The taxis do not have meters and will charge more at night which is normal, however, all prices are flexible so it is a good idea to negotiate the fare before you leave. The driver considers the tip as part of the fare he is charging and will factor that into his negotiations.