It started life in the mid 19th century as a centre for tin mining and its name means muddy confluence in Behasa Melayu, Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the largest city in Malaysia. The population of the city itself was estimated at 1.6million in 2006 but the urban of Greater Kuala Lumpur is more than seven million. Moreover, population-wise and economically Kuala Lumpur is growing faster than any other city in the country.


The parliament of Malaysia has its seat in Kuala Lumpur but the executive and judiciary have been in Putrajaya since 1999. Malaysia has a monarch and the official residence, Istana Negara, is also located in the city centre. A world city, Kuala Lumpur is home to a number of significant sporting and cultural events such as the Commonwealth Games and the Formula One championship.

From its humble beginnings and being chosen the capital of the Federated Malay States in 1896 through to gaining its independence from British Colonial rule in 1957, Kuala Lumpur has remained the capital and was named as such with the formation of Malaysia in 1963.

Kuala Lumpur Melaka and Penang (Lonely Planet Country & Regional Guides)


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