Climate: The weather is hot most of the year with variations from region to region. The most important factor is shaping India’s climatic conditions is monsoons that affect all parts of the country with varying intensity and duration and account for seasonal rhythm. Cold weather season, starting in December, becomes fully established in January and temperature distribution over India shows a marked decline.

The period between March and May is hot, dry, dusty and a tad unpleasant. Monsoon rains occur in most regions in summer anywhere between June and early October.

Area: 3,287,263 sq km

Religion: Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Paris are the religious communities in the country.

Electricity: Electricity consumption in India is 488.5 billion kWh, according to the latest reports. The voltage centres around 240 Volts, alternating at 50 cycles per second. You will require a voltage converter if you are carrying a device that does not accept 240 Volts at 50 Hertz.

Languages: Hindi is recognised as the Official or the National Language of the Union. There are other 18 languages which are statutorily recognised regional languages. These are: Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali.

Telephone code: 91

Currency: Rupee

Passport/visa requirements: Foreign Nationals desirous of coming into India are required to possess a valid passport of their country and a valid Indian Visa. There is no provision of 'Visa on Arrival' in India and no fee is charged for immigration facilities at the airports. Foreign passengers should ensure that they are in possession of valid Indian Visa before they start their journey to India except nationals of Nepal and Bhutan who do not require visa to enter India and nationals of Maldives who do not require visa for entry in India for a period up to 90 days (a separate Visa regime exists for diplomatic/official passport holders). The Consular Passport and Visa (CPV) Division of the Ministry of External Affairs is responsible for issuance of Indian visas to the foreign nationals for their visit for various purposes. This facility is granted through various Indian missions abroad. Visa fees are non-refundable and subject to change without notice. The High Commission reserves the right on granting and deciding type/duration of visa irrespective of the fees tendered at the time of making application. Granting of Visa does not confer the right of entry to India and is subject to the discretion of the Immigration Authorities.

National airline: Air India

Airports: Indira Gandhi International Airport of New Delhi, Chattrapati Shivaji International Airport of Mumbai, Bangalore International Airport, Begumpet Airport of Hyderabad, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport of Kolkata, Chennai International Airport of Chennai, Cochin International Airport Limited of Cochin, and Calicut International Airport of Calicut are some of the major airports.

Flight time: 8 hours